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Electroconvulsive therapy Electroconvulsive therapy, also known shock therapy, can be an effective treatment for severe manic or depressive episodes, especially among individuals having serious suicidal or psychotic symptoms, or when medical therapy is not working.
Treatment can help with these, too.
A distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive or irritable mood, lasting for at least one week or any duration if hospitalization is necessary.